By Zaryab Akram Khan
Tips to Take Care of Combination Skin
It is tricky to tackle the combination skin because it feels dry in some areas and oily in others. Hydrating serums or creams are too hydrating, and balancing toners never seem to do much balance. Unfortunately, only a few people have a true understanding of combination skin. They mistakenly consider it dry or oily skin. The combination skin requires a balancing act. Here are some guidelines to take care of this complicated skin type.
Characteristics of Dry Skin and Its Causes
Combination skin is the hybrid of dry and oily skin. Typically it is characterized by a greasy T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin). The skin feels a lot oilier in summer and dry in winter. In spring and fall, T-zone is shiny while the cheeks are dry. Some women experience occasional breakouts that make them think they have oily skin.
There are many factors responsible for this skin type. However, genetics is one of the top factors determining the amount of oil your skin produces and regulating cell production. Hormones are another factor that causes excessive oil production in some areas and dries out others. Finally, environmental factors, including heat, humidity, and cold winds, disturb skin balance and increase sensitivity and irritation.
Look for a Balancing Cleanser
If you have combination skin, it is best to avoid oil-based cleansers in your daily goal to create beauty, as they can contribute to enhanced sebum production at the T-zone. Instead, try to find a face wash that maintains balance and hydration. It shouldn’t be too harsh that it strips away the natural oils. Choose a mild, gentle, and non-irritating formula, preferably with activated charcoal, vitamin C, salicylic acid, hyaluronic acid, or ceramides.
Restore skin’s pH with a Toner
After cleansing, apply hydrating, soothing, and non-irritating toner. It must contain antioxidants and skin-replenishing ingredients to keep your skin nourished and non-oily at the same time. Ingredients like salicylic acid, lactic acid, and witch hazel are particularly beneficial for combination skin. Be cautious to avoid alcohol and synthetic fragrances that may irritate the skin.
Find a Lightweight Moisturizer
People with oily T-zone avoid applying moisturizer for fear of creating more shine. When the skin lacks the necessary moisture, it tends to produce more oil. A lightweight moisturizer provides adequate hydration and keeps the skin breathable during the day. Hyaluronic acid, ceramides, and vitamin B5 are good ingredients to consider when choosing a moisturizer for combination skin.
Never Skip on Using a Sun Block
Sunblock is a must, irrespective of your skin type. If you have combination skin, get yourself a broad spectrum sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 30. It should be non-comedogenic, non-greasy, and hydrating as well.
Exfoliate Your Skin
Exfoliation is key to healthy skin. It sheds away the dead skin cells from the surface and makes the complexion appear less dull and smoother. You can use lactic acid, glycolic acid, and salicylic acid to exfoliate the combination skin. Start trying it once or twice a week. However, the frequency of exfoliation mainly depends on skin tolerance levels, and over-exfoliation can lead to skin irritation and other skin problems.